1915 First Women

Anbarah Salam Khalidi: Feminist and Liberation organizer

Anbarah Salam Khalidi (1897-1986). Born into a large family of scholars and wealthy merchants, Anbara Salam would grow up to become known as a writer, translator, and feminist organizer.1 In addition to her literary skills, she was known for her political involvement in the feminist movements in Lebanon 2 and Palestine 3, the national liberation movement of Lebanon against the Ottoman occupation and French mandate, and the Palestinian resistance against zionist occupation. Throughout her life, she would remain concerned with the advancement of her community and the liberation of women, particularly through education. In 1978, she wrote her autobiography in which she documents, the history of both the city of Beirut, Palestine, and the feminist pioneers of her time,4 particularly those who had passed away.


Anbara Salam Khalidi, Memoirs of an Early Arab Feminist, by Anbara Salam, translated by Tarif Khalidi, Pluto Press, 2013.